RS & GIS FOR BASELINE DATA
UFRMP has adopted GIS and Satellite Remote Sensing for identification of degraded areas and generation of their baseline information on land use and vegetation through DGPS survey and ground truth collection.
Besides serving as a standard uniform repository for all Van Panchayat treatment areas, such data is being used for micro-planning of treatment in different identified degraded areas.
The activities include reconnaissance and delineation of treatment area followed by DGPS survey of the treatmentarea boundary, vegetation mapping of thetreatmentareausingCartosat&Resourcesatmerged satellitedata supportedwith ground-truthing,collection of sitespecific information on existing vegetation type, soil, slope,erosion status, root stock, regeneration status; finalization of site wise land use/vegetationmaps andreporting of the treatment area as per field verification and feedback from the DMU/FMU staff.
This is a valuable information for future evaluation and impact monitoring including making the Project REDD+ ready.
The project undertakes verification of reported interventions in the field through deployment of qualified GIS and survey of experts in each DMU. A mobile utility has been developed to record data about different types of interventions such as protection fencing, water conservation measures, soil conservation measures, plantations, water harvesting structures, etc. along with their GPS co-ordinates and photographs.
Similarly, location-based data with geo-tagged images are also being collected for various assets (nursery, etc.) being created under the project. Such survey data collected from field are being integrated into Web-GIS for visualization and project monitoring.
A Satellite Land Monitoring System in form of a Web-GIS Application has been designed to integratethe Forestry Resource Geo-database to facilitate geo-dataprocessing, data query, data analytics and generation of map-based decisionsupport information for monitoring, evaluation and reporting of Joint ForestManagement (JFM) and other forestry activities.
Below are the features of the Web GIS application:
- Distance and proximity Analysis & Area computation
- Import and plotting of field (GPS) readings
- Integration with various Web Map Services (WMS), FSI maps
- GIS based Project Monitoring & Reporting
- Input of periodic progress status on project activities
- Periodic consolidated progress status report at administrative (Range/ Division/ State) levels
- User defined query-based reports in tabular, chart and map format
- SMS-based information dissemination/emergency reporting
- SMS-based Forest Fire Alert
- Dissemination of forestry knowledge base (forest management/protection, etc.)
- Reliable maps based on DGPS survey and GIS/ Remote Sensing mapping
- Forest cover analysis in notified areas, watersheds, administrative units, plantation areas
- Data visualization and thematic map generation
- Map-based information on forest administrative/management units
- Highlighting hotspot areas in the system for efficient decision making
- Locations of JFM/ Forest Infrastructure